The Alabama Theatre La Porte ISD, New land use policies drafted during the administration of Governor John Ireland enabled individuals to accumulate land leading to the formation of large cattle ranches Many ranchers ran barbed wire around public lands to protect their access to water and free grazing This caused several range wars. Governor Lawrence Sullivan Ross guided the Texas Legislature to reform the land use policies, 4.3 Tennis 4.4 Statehood Architecture Art Dance Fashion Literature Comics Poetry Music Sculpture Theater. I-45 (TX).svg Interstate 45 a.k.a - North Freeway going North or Gulf Freeway going South.
. . The vague unrest erupted into armed conflict on October 2 1835 at the Battle of Gonzales when Texans repelled a Mexican attempt to retake a small cannon. This launched the Texas Revolution and over the next three months the Texian Army successfully defeated all Mexican troops in the region, Houston's environmental problems stem from a long history of pollution Houston may be considered the air-conditioning capital of the world due to its hot and humid metropolitan Since the 1930s air-conditioning was built into all commercial buildings like theaters malls and corporations Even the Astrodome was air-conditioned making baseball players and fans comfortable for decades This led to the possibility of an energy crisis because of the popularity of air-conditioning in Houston energy costs are generally higher than normal. This section does not cite any sources Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources Unsourced material may be challenged and removed (February 2010) (Learn how and when to remove this template message), 2.1 Gonzales Tens of thousands of new migrants streamed in from rural areas straining the city's housing supply and the city's ability to provide local transit and schools For the first time high-paying jobs went to large numbers of women blacks and Hispanics the city's African-American community emboldened by their newfound prosperity increased its agitation for civil rights; they backed and funded the legal case of Smith v Allwright (1944) in which the Supreme Court ruled against the latest version of the white primary in support of voting rights. When World War II started tonnage levels at the port decreased and shipping activities were suspended; however the war did provide economic benefits for the city Petrochemical refineries and manufacturing plants were constructed along the ship channel because of the demand for petroleum and synthetic rubber products by the defense industry during the war. Ellington Field initially built during World War I was revitalized as an advanced training center for bombardiers and navigators the Brown Shipbuilding Company was founded in 1942 to build ships for the U.S Navy during World War II Due to the boom in defense jobs thousands of new workers migrated to the city both blacks and whites competing for the higher-paying jobs President Roosevelt had established a policy of nondiscrimination for defense contractors and blacks gained some opportunities especially in shipbuilding although not without resistance from whites and increasing social tensions that erupted into occasional violence Economic gains of blacks who entered defense industries continued in the postwar years, The city's major sports teams were using outdated stadiums and threatened to leave Eventually the Houston Oilers did so after several threats the city built Enron Field now Minute Maid Park for the Houston Astros Reliant Stadium now NRG Stadium was erected for the NFL expansion team Houston Texans.. Public facilities Poverty German Irish and English Americans are the three largest European ancestry groups in Texas German Americans make up 11.3 percent of the population and number over 2.7 million members Irish Americans make up 8.2 percent of the population and number over 1.9 million members There are roughly 600,000 French Americans and 472,000 Italian Americans residing in Texas; these two ethnic groups make up 2.5 percent and 2.0 percent of the population respectively in the 1980 United States Census the largest ancestry group reported in Texas was English with 3,083,323 Texans citing they were of English or mostly English ancestry making them 27 percent of the state at the time. Their ancestry primarily goes back to the original thirteen colonies (the census of 1790 gives 48% of the population of English ancestry; together 12% Scots and Scots-Irish; 4.5% Irish South 90% were Protestant and 3% Welsh = 67.5% British; 13% were German Swiss Dutch and French Huguenots; 19% African-American Colin Bonwick the American Revolution 1991 p 254) and thus many of them today identify as "American" in ancestry though they are of predominantly British stock. There are nearly 200,000 Czech-Americans living in Texas the largest number of any state. Main article: Galveston Bay The Consulate-General of Pakistan in Houston in an unincorporated area of Harris County. .