. . Fort Bend Toll Road The increased production of the expanded shipbuilding industry during World War II spurred Houston's growth as did the establishment in 1961 of NASA's "Manned Spacecraft Center" (renamed the Lyndon B Johnson Space Center in 1973) This was the stimulus for the development of the city's aerospace industry the Astrodome nicknamed the "Eighth Wonder of the World" opened in 1965 as the world's first indoor domed sports stadium.
During much of the dispute with the United States governance of New Spain was in question in 1808 Napoleon forced the Spanish king to abdicate the throne and appointed Joseph Bonaparte as the new monarch a shadow government operated out of Cadiz during Joseph's reign. Revolutionaries within Mexico and the United States unsuccessfully combined to declare Texas and Mexico independent. Houston is home to the Johnson Space Center NASA's largest research and development facility employing nearly 3,000 federal civil service workers and more than 14,000 contract personnel. Program offices for Project Constellation Orion and other new space vehicle projects will create new jobs at the center.[needs update] the city's burgeoning aerospace industry heralded its second growth spurt which solidified with the 1973 oil crisis the majority of the contractor work force related to the projects will also be located at the center. Texas Governor Rick Perry recently announced a $7.5 million Texas Enterprise Fund (TEF) grant to Lockheed Martin which will bring about 1,000 jobs to the Houston area the grant ensures that Lockheed Martin will create these jobs in the Houston area after they earned a multibillion-dollar contract from NASA to build the Orion Crew Exploration Vehicle. Houston is also home to the United Space Alliance which employs well over 10,000 people. 6 Aftermath The University of Houston System's annual impact on the Houston area's economy equates to that of a major corporation: $1.1 billion in new funds attracted annually to the Houston area $3.13 billion in total economic benefit and 24,000 local jobs generated. This is in addition to the 12,500 new graduates the U.H System produces every year who enter the workforce in Houston and throughout Texas These degree-holders tend to stay in Houston After five years 80.5% of graduates are still living and working in the region.