See also: List of airports in Texas, Laredo 100/77 37/25 67/46 19/7 Northwest Gulf of Mexico which extends from Alabama to the Rio Grande. On 11 July Allied leaders met in Potsdam Germany They confirmed earlier agreements about Germany and the American British and Chinese governments reiterated the demand for unconditional surrender of Japan specifically stating that "the alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction". During this conference the United Kingdom held its general election and Clement Attlee replaced Churchill as Prime Minister. . . . Equipment and animals South Florida Continental Shelf and Slope which extends along the coast from Apalachee Bay to the Straits of Florida and includes the Florida Keys and Dry Tortugas, Representatives Name Party First Elected Area(s) of Harris County Represented 8.1 Texas self-perception Cotton ranching and farming dominated the economy with railroad construction after 1870 a major factor in the development of new cities away from rivers and waterways Toward the end of the 19th century timber became an important industry in Texas as well in 1901 a petroleum discovery at Spindletop Hill near Beaumont was developed as the most productive oil well the world had ever seen the wave of oil speculation and discovery that followed came to be known as the "Oil Boom" permanently transforming and enriching the economy of Texas Agriculture and ranching gave way to a service-oriented society after the boom years of World War II Segregation ended in the 1960s due to federal legislation Politically Texas changed from the virtually one-party Democratic state achieved following disenfranchisement to a highly contested political scene until 2000 when it was solidly Republican the economy of Texas has continued to grow rapidly becoming the second-largest state in population in 1994 and became economically highly diversified with a growing base in new technology. In August 2005 Houston became a shelter to more than 150,000 people from New Orleans who evacuated from Hurricane Katrina. One month later about 2.5 million Houston-area residents evacuated when Hurricane Rita approached the Gulf Coast leaving little damage to the Houston area This was the largest urban evacuation in the history of the United States in September 2008 Houston was hit by Hurricane Ike As many as 40% of residents refused to leave Galveston Island because they feared the type of traffic problems that had happened after Hurricane Rita, Houston Texas Business Directory, 1960 938,219 57.4% 28 Phillips 66.
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