. . . Microplastics within semi-enclosed seas like the Gulf have been reported in high concentrations and the Gulf's first such study estimated concentrations that rival the highest globally reported. By 1912 Houston was home to twenty-five "tall buildings" ranging from six to sixteen stories Office buildings extant in 1912 include the eleven-story Scanlan Building the marble-clad South Texas National Bank Building the eight-story First National Bank Building the twelve-story Union National Bank the ten-story Houston Chronicle Building and the Southwestern Telephone Company Building the sixteen-story Carter Building was the tallest in Houston There were two major passenger train facilities Union Station and Grand Central Station Residential buildings included the Beaconsfield apartments Rossonian apartments the Savoy flats and the Hotel Bender Under construction in 1912 was the Rice Hotel, Thomas Mitchell Campbell born in Rusk Cherokee County Main article: French colonization of Texas. .
. . Although Christopher Columbus was credited with the discovery of the Americas by Europeans the ships in his four voyages never reached the Gulf of Mexico Instead Columbus sailed into the Caribbean around Cuba and Hispaniola the first European exploration of the Gulf of Mexico was by Amerigo Vespucci in 1497 He followed the coastal land mass of Central America before returning to the Atlantic Ocean via the Straits of Florida between Florida and Cuba in his letters Vespucci described this trip and once Juan de la Cosa returned to Spain a famous world map depicting Cuba as an island was produced. ; .