; Recently developed tree-ring evidence shows that the illness which reduced the population in Aztec Mexico was aided by a great drought in the 16th century and which continued through the arrival of the Spanish conquest. This has added to the body of epidemiological evidence indicating that cocoliztli epidemics (Nahuatl name for viral haemorrhagic fever) were indigenous fevers transmitted by rodents and aggravated by the drought the cocoliztli epidemic from 1545 to 1548 killed an estimated 5 to 15 million people or up to 80% of the native population the cocoliztli epidemic from 1576 to 1578 killed an estimated additional 2 to 2.5 million people or about 50% of the remainder. On February 28 1845 the U.S Congress narrowly passed a bill that authorized the United States to annex the Republic of Texas if it so voted the legislation set the date for annexation for December 29 of the same year on October 13 of the same year a majority of voters in Texas approved a proposed constitution that specifically endorsed slavery and the slave trade This constitution was later accepted by the U.S Congress making Texas a U.S state on the same day annexation took effect (therefore bypassing a territorial phase). German soldiers during the invasion of the Soviet Union by the Axis powers 1941 In 1840 the town was divided into four wards using Main and Commerce streets as axes the city added the Fifth Ward in 1866 and the Sixth Ward in 1877 the wards are no longer political divisions but their names are still used. Digging for a proposed Port of Houston began when Congress approved a move to dig out the Buffalo Bayou on January 9 1842 Funding was awarded which amounted to $2000 Houstonians had mixed opinions over the apparent statehood of their country.. .
8.1.2 Czechs 11.2 Transit The San Jacinto Monument is a memorial to the men who died during the Texas Revolution Cuisine Festivals Folklore Media Newspapers Radio Cinema TV Internet Pornography Mythology Sport. 13 See also Like most of the South the Texas economy was devastated by the War However since the state had not been as dependent on slaves as other parts of the South it was able to recover more quickly the culture in Texas during the later 19th century exhibited many facets of a frontier territory the state became notorious as a haven for people from other parts of the country who wanted to escape debt criminal prosecution or other problems Indeed "Gone to Texas" was a common expression for those fleeing the law in other states Nevertheless the state also attracted many businessmen and other settlers with more legitimate interests as well. The Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad --the "Katy"--was the first railroad to enter Texas from the north, The knowledge of wind patterns and currents the trade winds and the oceanic gyres in the Atlantic and the determination of latitude led to the discovery of the best ocean route back from Africa: crossing the Central Atlantic to the Azores using the winds and currents that spin clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere because of atmospheric circulation and the effect of Coriolis facilitating the way to Lisbon and thus enabling the Portuguese to venture farther from shore a manoeuvre that became known as the "volta do mar" (return of the sea) in 1565 the application of this principle in the Pacific Ocean led the Spanish discovering the Manila Galleon trade route. La Porte Municipal Airport in La Porte, Bay of Campeche which is an isthmian embayment extending from the western edge of Campeche Bank to the offshore regions just east of the port of Veracruz, The Mardi Gras shipwreck around the early-19th century about 35 miles off the coast of Louisiana in 4,000 feet (1220 meters) of water She is believed to have been a privateer or trader the shipwreck whose real identity remains a mystery lay forgotten at the bottom of the sea until it was discovered in 2002 by an oilfield inspection crew working for the Okeanos Gas Gathering Company (OGGC) in May 2007 an expedition led by Texas A&M University and funded by OGGC under an agreement with the Minerals Management Service (now BOEM) was launched to undertake the deepest scientific archaeological excavation ever attempted at that time to study the site on the seafloor and recover artifacts for eventual public display in the Louisiana State Museum As part of the project educational outreach Nautilus Productions in partnership with BOEM Texas A&M University the Florida Public Archaeology Network and Veolia Environmental produced a one-hour HD documentary about the project short videos for public viewing and provided video updates during the expedition Video footage from the ROV was an integral part of this outreach and used extensively in the Mystery Mardi Gras Shipwreck documentary. . ! Gulf of Mexico basin which contains the Sigsbee Deep and can be further divided into the continental rise the Sigsbee Abyssal Plain and the Mississippi Cone, In 1900 after Galveston was struck by a devastating hurricane efforts to make Houston into a viable deep-water port were accelerated the following year the discovery of oil at the Spindletop oil field near Beaumont prompted the development of the Texas petroleum industry in 1902 President Theodore Roosevelt approved a $1 million improvement project for the Houston Ship Channel by 1910 the city's population had reached 78,800 almost doubling from a decade before African Americans formed a large part of the city's population numbering 23,929 people which was nearly one-third of Houston's residents, World War II had a dramatic impact on Texas as federal money poured in to build military bases munitions factories POW detention camps and Army hospitals; 750,000 young men left for service; the cities exploded with new industry; the colleges took on new roles; and hundreds of thousands of poor farmers left the fields for much better paying war jobs never to return to agriculture. Texas manufactured 3.1 percent of total United States military armaments produced during World War II ranking eleventh among the 48 states.