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1630 map of the Portuguese fort and the city of Malacca 1990 2,818,199 17.0% Houston's current Chinatown and the Mahatma Gandhi District are two major ethnic enclaves reflecting Houston's multicultural makeup Restaurants bakeries traditional-clothing boutiques and specialty shops can be found in both areas. Main article: Second Italo-Ethiopian War The Williams Tower is the tallest building in the US outside a central business district Libertarian Gary Johnson William Weld 283,492 3.16% 0 Houston Police Department Memorial. . Classical Geography, 17 Further reading Thunderstorms strike Texas often especially the eastern and northern portions of the state Tornado Alley covers the northern section of Texas the state experiences the most tornadoes in the United States an average of 139 a year These strike most frequently in North Texas and the Panhandle. Tornadoes in Texas generally occur in the months of April May and June, Flooding Adjacent to the Texas Medical Center is the Museum District which is home to most of the city's major museums: the Museum of Fine Arts Houston; the Contemporary Arts Museum Houston; the Cullen Sculpture Garden; the Houston Museum of Natural Science; the Holocaust Museum Houston; the Children's Museum of Houston; Lawndale Art Center; the Houston Zoo; the John P McGovern Museum of Health & Medical Science; and the Menil Collection Approximately 4 million people visit institutions in the Museum District every year.. Houston Texas Business Directory 1880 16,513 76.0% The chief administrative officer of a Texas County as set up in the Texas Constitution is the County Judge who sits as the chair of the county's Commissioners' Court (the equivalent of a Board of Supervisors in some other states) Since 2007 this position in Harris County is held by Judge Ed Emmett the county is split into 4 geographical divisions called Precincts Each precinct elects a Commissioner to sit as a representative of their precinct on the commissioners court and also for the oversight of county functions in their area; When Mexico was again threatening Texas President Sam Houston moved the capital to Houston on June 27 1842 However the Austin residents wanted to keep the archives in their city This would be known as the Archive Wars the capital was then moved to Washington on-the-Brazos on September 29 Austin became capital again in 1845 just before Texas gained statehood, During the late 1970s Houston had a population boom as people from the Rust Belt states moved to Texas in large numbers the new residents came for numerous employment opportunities in the petroleum industry created as a result of the Arab oil embargo With the increase in professional jobs Houston has become a destination for many college-educated persons most recently including African Americans in a reverse Great Migration from northern areas, One of the primary motivations for annexation was the Texas government's huge debts the United States agreed to assume many of these upon annexation However the former Republic never fully paid off its debt until the Compromise of 1850 in return for $10 million a large portion of Texas-claimed territory now parts of Colorado Kansas Oklahoma New Mexico and Wyoming was ceded to the Federal government.
Internal politics of the Republic were based on the conflict between two factions the nationalist faction led by Mirabeau B Lamar advocated the continued independence of Texas the expulsion of the Native Americans and the expansion of Texas to the Pacific Ocean Their opponents led by Sam Houston advocated the annexation of Texas to the United States and peaceful co-existence with Native Americans. . Adjacent counties In the aftermath of the Hurricane Katrina disaster about 200,000 New Orleans residents resettled in Houston Soon following Katrina was Hurricane Rita a category 5 hurricane which caused 2.5 million Houstonians to evacuate the city the largest urban evacuation in the history of the U.S.