Aerial view of central Houston showing Downtown and surrounding neighborhoods March 2018, The eight-county Greater Houston metropolitan area contains over 25,000 miles (40,000 km) of roadway of which 10% or approximately 2,500 miles (4,000 km) is limited-access highway the Houston region's extensive freeway system handles over 40% of the regional daily vehicle miles traveled (VMT). Arterial roads handle an additional 40% of daily VMT while toll roads of which Greater Houston has 180 miles (290 km) handle nearly 10%. . Shoreacres Battle of Europe air operations Deepwater Horizon explosion and oil spill El Lago Main article: French colonization of Texas Further information: List of newspapers in Houston List of television stations in Houston and List of radio stations in Houston. Thousands of enslaved African-Americans lived near the city before the Civil War Many of them near the city worked on sugar and cotton plantations while most of those in the city limits had domestic and artisan jobs in 1860 forty-nine percent of the city's population was enslaved Frost Town a nearby settlement south of the Buffalo Bayou was swallowed by Houston..
During the late 20th century the Republican Party replaced the Democratic Party as the dominant party in the state as the latter became more politically liberal and as demographic changes favored the former. 17 Further reading Northeast Gulf of Mexico which extends from a point east of the Mississippi River Delta near Biloxi to the eastern side of Apalachee Bay, Buffalo Bayou is the longest and largest of the bayous which flow through Houston following a 53-mile (85 km) route from Katy through Memorial Rice Military Downtown the East End Denver Harbor and Channelview before meeting the San Jacinto River at Galveston Bay the broad eastern stretch of the river known as the Houston Ship Channel plays an essential role in the Port of Houston and is home to one of the largest petrochemical refining complexes in the United States. Buffalo Bayou's environs are also home to significant amounts of parkland including linear parks such as Terry Hershey Park and Buffalo Bayou Park which serve as corridors for walking and bicycling. . Higher education Weather Chambers (east) 5 Awards and recognitions Democrats regain control after Reconstruction.